According to the Russian orthography, the spelling of short forms of verbal words in -нный with н (n) or with нн (nn) before a non-zero ending depends on the grammatical status of the word: participle or adjective. It is believed that writing expresses a systemic opposition of grammatical categories, i.e. the reflective vector of the antinomy “reflective – conditional” operates in this area. But is it possible to check whether the antinomy was chosen correctly to describe a particular picture of the studied area of writing? Are there any distinctive features of the types of spellings obtained as a result of the action of one or another antinomy? We attempt to answer the latter using the example of the spelling of short verbal adjectives. Proceeding from the fact that short forms of participles are always written with only one letter н, and short forms of adjectives with a non-zero ending are threefold: either with нн, or with н, or both with н and with нн, depending on the meaning and / or model management, — we will evaluate the quantitative ratio of these groups, how they are recorded in different dictionaries, compare the codification and the usual norm, as reflected in the texts of the RNC resources and Google books, we will determine what is being implemented in writing steadily and what is not. Based on the results obtained, one can try to understand whether the letter regularly reflects precisely the grammatical opposition.
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Написание кратких форм отглагольных прилагательных и причастий на -нный: словарная кодификация и практика письма