JUSTICE AND EQUALITY - THE WORDS AND VALUE CATEGORIES OF RUSSIAN POLITICAL DISCOURSE
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JUSTICE AND EQUALITY - THE WORDS AND VALUE CATEGORIES OF RUSSIAN POLITICAL DISCOURSE
Annotation
PII
S241377150000527-2-1
Publication type
Article
Status
Published
Pages
18-32
Abstract
The paper considers the Russian words spravedlivost’ (justice), nespravedlivost’ (injustice) and ravenstvo (equality), as well as their corresponding concepts. It is shown that the words spravedlivost’ and nespravedlivost’ are formally antonyms, because morphologically they differ only in morpheme ne- (“no”). However, their differences go much deeper. The word spravedlivost’ has an abstract meaning; it denotes a value category, while the extensional set of the word nespravedlivost’ is another one: it is used for denoting a wide range of situations where justice as a value concept is violated. For this reason, the word spravedlivost’ is de facto a singulare tantum. At the same time, the Russian word nespravedlivost’ (injustice) has both forms: singular, as well as plural. Differences in semantics between the words under consideration become apparent in metaphorical models, used by the speakers in the interpretation of justice, injustice and equality in Russian political discourse, for which the texts from print media serve as a model.
Keywords
justice, equality, metaphorical model, value category, cognitive approach, descriptor theory of metaphors
Date of publication
01.09.2016
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366
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